Peanut

Arachis hypogaea


Watering
Intermediate

Cultivation
direct seeding

Harvesting
120 - 150 days

Labour
High

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5.5 - 7

Temperature
15°C - 45°C

Fertilization
Low


Peanut

Introduction

The peanut plant is a legume of the Fabaceae family, widely grown in the tropics and subtropics. Peanuts a grain legume grown for their nutritional use and also are classified as an "oil crop" due to their high oil and fat contents. Peanuts originated in South America but are now cultivated worldwide. Peanuts are grown in over 20 countries on approximately 42 million acres, with China producing the most at roughly 37% of global production.

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Chemical seed treatments
Optimal growing conditions for peanut

Care

Proper land preparation and care is important for successful peanut production. The first tillage should take place 3-6 weeks before planting and should occur at a depth of 20-30 cm in the soil. Make sure to obtain high-quality seeds for sowing. Before sowing apply a rhizobium inoculum to encourage rhizobium development and nitrogen fixation. Depending on the type of peanut (Bunchy or Spreading) there should be a 10-15cm distance between plants and a 60 cm distance between rows.

Soil

Peanuts grow best in well-drained, loose textured soils, such as light, sandy loam soils. While peanuts can grow in varying soil conditions these are not favorable due to the chance of excessive water retention. The peanut forming pegs have difficulty penetrating through denser soils such as clay soils. The soil should be aerated and contain moderate amounts of organic matter. Peanuts thrive in slightly acidic soils but will grow in any soil with a pH of 5.9-7.( 5.5 TO 7.0 )

Climate

Warm and moist climatic conditions with full sun are favorable for maximizing peanut production. The average optimal daily temperature is around 30 degrees celsius with a minimum 100-day ideal temperature growing season being required for successful peanut production. Temperature is the greatest limiting factor in peanut production, while peanuts can tolerate cool and wet climates, these conditions will favor crop disease.( LONG DAYS PROMOTE VEGETATIVE GROWTH AT THE EXPENSE OF REPRODUCTIVE GROWTH RATE, DECREASED PODS , DECREASED DURATION OF POD FILLING AND ULTIMATELY DECREASED YIELD )

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.

Peanut

Peanut

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!


Peanut

Arachis hypogaea

Peanut
USE PLANTIX NOW!

Introduction

The peanut plant is a legume of the Fabaceae family, widely grown in the tropics and subtropics. Peanuts a grain legume grown for their nutritional use and also are classified as an "oil crop" due to their high oil and fat contents. Peanuts originated in South America but are now cultivated worldwide. Peanuts are grown in over 20 countries on approximately 42 million acres, with China producing the most at roughly 37% of global production.

Key Facts

Watering
Intermediate

Cultivation
direct seeding

Harvesting
120 - 150 days

Labour
High

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5.5 - 7

Temperature
15°C - 45°C

Fertilization
Low

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Chemical seed treatments
Optimal growing conditions for peanut
Peanut

Peanut

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!

Care

Proper land preparation and care is important for successful peanut production. The first tillage should take place 3-6 weeks before planting and should occur at a depth of 20-30 cm in the soil. Make sure to obtain high-quality seeds for sowing. Before sowing apply a rhizobium inoculum to encourage rhizobium development and nitrogen fixation. Depending on the type of peanut (Bunchy or Spreading) there should be a 10-15cm distance between plants and a 60 cm distance between rows.

Soil

Peanuts grow best in well-drained, loose textured soils, such as light, sandy loam soils. While peanuts can grow in varying soil conditions these are not favorable due to the chance of excessive water retention. The peanut forming pegs have difficulty penetrating through denser soils such as clay soils. The soil should be aerated and contain moderate amounts of organic matter. Peanuts thrive in slightly acidic soils but will grow in any soil with a pH of 5.9-7.( 5.5 TO 7.0 )

Climate

Warm and moist climatic conditions with full sun are favorable for maximizing peanut production. The average optimal daily temperature is around 30 degrees celsius with a minimum 100-day ideal temperature growing season being required for successful peanut production. Temperature is the greatest limiting factor in peanut production, while peanuts can tolerate cool and wet climates, these conditions will favor crop disease.( LONG DAYS PROMOTE VEGETATIVE GROWTH AT THE EXPENSE OF REPRODUCTIVE GROWTH RATE, DECREASED PODS , DECREASED DURATION OF POD FILLING AND ULTIMATELY DECREASED YIELD )

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.