Potato

Solanum tuberosum


Watering
Intermediate

Cultivation
direct seeding

Harvesting
75 - 120 days

Labour
High

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5.2 - 6.4

Temperature
23°C - 25°C

Fertilization
High


Potato

Introduction

Potato is originally from the Andes in South America. Potato has been cultivated in India for the last 300 years and it has become one of the most popular crops there. Potatoes are grown for their edible tubers which are economical food as they provide a source of low-cost energy to humans. Potatoes have rich nutritional value as they are rich in starch, vitamins (especially C and B1), and minerals. Potatoes are also used for several industrial purposes such as for the production of starch and alcohol.

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Add farmyard manure during plowing to support plant growth
Treat the soil if needed for healthy crops

Care

Using healthy, disease-free seed tubers is of paramount importance for a successful potato crop. Weeds need to be removed by the time the canopy develops (within about 4 weeks after planting) in order for plants to grow well. Earthing up of the soil every 15-20 days helps to limit weed growth and also loosen soil. As potato has high nutrient requirements, green manure is recommended as one form of fertilization. Since potato has a shallow root system, irrigations should be light. After harvest, potatoes should be dried for 10-15 days in the shade so that curing of the skin occurs. Potato is ideal for intercropping, especially with sugarcane, fennel, onion, mustard, wheat, or linseed.

Soil

Potatoes can be grown almost on any type of soil except saline and alkaline soils. Soils that are naturally loose and offer the least resistance to tuber growth is preferred. Loamy and sandy loam soils, rich in organic matter and with good drainage and aeration are most suitable for cultivation of potato crop. Soils with pH range of 5.2-6.4 are considered to be ideal.

Climate

Potato is a temperate climate crop, however it grows under a diverse range of climatic conditions. It is grown only in places where the growing season's temperature is moderately cool. The vegetative growth of the plant is best at a temperature of 24°C while tuber development is favoured at 20°C. Hence, potato is grown as a summer crop in the hills and as a winter crop in the tropical and subtropical regions. The crop can be raised up to an altitude of 3000 m above the sea level.

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.

Potato

Potato

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!


Potato

Solanum tuberosum

Potato
USE PLANTIX NOW!

Introduction

Potato is originally from the Andes in South America. Potato has been cultivated in India for the last 300 years and it has become one of the most popular crops there. Potatoes are grown for their edible tubers which are economical food as they provide a source of low-cost energy to humans. Potatoes have rich nutritional value as they are rich in starch, vitamins (especially C and B1), and minerals. Potatoes are also used for several industrial purposes such as for the production of starch and alcohol.

Key Facts

Watering
Intermediate

Cultivation
direct seeding

Harvesting
75 - 120 days

Labour
High

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5.2 - 6.4

Temperature
23°C - 25°C

Fertilization
High

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Add farmyard manure during plowing to support plant growth
Treat the soil if needed for healthy crops
Potato

Potato

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!

Care

Using healthy, disease-free seed tubers is of paramount importance for a successful potato crop. Weeds need to be removed by the time the canopy develops (within about 4 weeks after planting) in order for plants to grow well. Earthing up of the soil every 15-20 days helps to limit weed growth and also loosen soil. As potato has high nutrient requirements, green manure is recommended as one form of fertilization. Since potato has a shallow root system, irrigations should be light. After harvest, potatoes should be dried for 10-15 days in the shade so that curing of the skin occurs. Potato is ideal for intercropping, especially with sugarcane, fennel, onion, mustard, wheat, or linseed.

Soil

Potatoes can be grown almost on any type of soil except saline and alkaline soils. Soils that are naturally loose and offer the least resistance to tuber growth is preferred. Loamy and sandy loam soils, rich in organic matter and with good drainage and aeration are most suitable for cultivation of potato crop. Soils with pH range of 5.2-6.4 are considered to be ideal.

Climate

Potato is a temperate climate crop, however it grows under a diverse range of climatic conditions. It is grown only in places where the growing season's temperature is moderately cool. The vegetative growth of the plant is best at a temperature of 24°C while tuber development is favoured at 20°C. Hence, potato is grown as a summer crop in the hills and as a winter crop in the tropical and subtropical regions. The crop can be raised up to an altitude of 3000 m above the sea level.

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.