- Tomato

Tomato Tomato

Leaf Curl in Tomato


Physiological Disorder

In a Nutshell

  • Leaf deformation and discoloration.
  • Brittle foliage.
 - Tomato

Tomato Tomato


As the name suggests, symptoms can be described by leaf deformation. The initial curling begins on the lower leaves and rolls upward followed by an inward curl lengthwise. Usually, they will recover if environmental conditions and cultural factors are adjusted to reduce stress. The leaves can appear paler, stunted, with yellow edges or purplish veins on the lower side.

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The physiological disorder of leaf curling occurs due to environmental stress. Excessive moisture and high nitrogen levels are the main causes of leaf deformation, in addition to heat, dry conditions, severe pruning, root damage, and transplant shock. Leaf curling symptoms are also found and might be confused with viral infections. For example, whiteflies transmit a virus (Yellow Leaf Curl Virus - YLCV) that causes new leaves to become cupped.

Organic Control

No biological treatment is known against this physiological disorder. It can only be treated with preventive measures.

Chemical Control

Always consider an integrated approach with preventive measures together with biological treatments, if available. This physiological disorder can only be treated with preventive measures.

Preventive Measures

  • Plant determinate cultivars in well-drained soils.
  • Maintain uniform and adequate soil moisture.
  • Avoid over-use of fertilizers, especially nitrogen.
  • Provide appropriate phosphorus.
  • Avoid severe pruning and maintain temperatures below 35°C by shading or evaporative cooling.

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