Initial soil fertility will dictate quantities of additional fertilizer needed. Chickpeas grow well in dry soil and require little water, so they can be grown as a rainfed crop. In case rainfall is not sufficient, irrigation should occur prior to flower and during pod development. To minimize weed growth in your field, consider mulching with organic matter such as dry leaves.
Chickpea plants can be grown on a wide variety of soils, but sandy loam to slightly clay soil is ideal. Soil should be well-drained because water logging is not suitable for chickpea cultivation. pH level ranging between 5.5 and 7.0 is ideal for growing chickpea. Chickpeas require rough seed bed, and they don’t do well in very fine and compact seedbed.
The chickpea plants grow very well under good moisture conditions. And the ideal temperatures for growing chickpea is between 24ºC and 30ºC. Although the plants can survive as low as 15 ºC and as high 35 ºC temperature. Annual rainfall of about 650 to 950 mm is ideal.