Capsicum & Chilli

Capsicum


Watering
Intermediate

Cultivation
transplanted

Harvesting
90 - 150 days

Labour
Intermediate

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5.5 - 7

Temperature
21°C - 29°C

Fertilization
Intermediate


Capsicum & Chilli

Introduction

Pepper or Capiscum is a flowering plant of the nightshade family. It originates in the Americas (remains from its cultivation found in Mexico in 3,000 BC) and has been introduced to the rest of the world after the 16th century. 50% of all peppers today are grown in China, followed by Mexico, Turkey, Indonesia and Spain.

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Tilling the soil and preparing furrows for better yields
Optimal growth tips for pepper plants

Care

Drainage is important and depending on soil type, raised beds may be necessary. The soil can be prepared in autumn by deep ploughing. Capsicum is generally grown as seedling and is then planted out when the risk of frost has passed. Seedlings from reputable nurseries are preferred to obtain plants that are well grown and free from diseases. Grow windbreak plants like ryecorn or sweetcorn in rows where there is a danger of wind damage. Application of fowl manure or compost, at least four weeks before planting, is recommended.

Soil

Capsicums can be cultivated in many types of soil but grow best on deep, loamy and well-drained soils. Soil pH should be in the range of 5.5 – 7.0. They can develop strong deep tap roots (> 1 m). Uniform slopes are desirable, as they facilitate drainage, but not essential. Depressions in the field can result in flooding.

Climate

Ideal growing conditions for peppers include a sunny position with warm loamy soil, ideally 21 to 29 °C, that is moist but not waterlogged. Extremely moist soils can cause seedlings to "damp-off" and reduce germination. The plants will tolerate (but not prefer) temperatures down to 12 °C and are sensitive to frost. Capsicum flowering is tightly connected to the length of daytime. The flowers can self-pollinate. However, at extremely high temperature (33 to 38 °C), pollen loses viability, and flowers are much less likely to pollinate successfully.

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.

Capsicum & Chilli

Capsicum & Chilli

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!


Capsicum & Chilli

Capsicum

Capsicum & Chilli
USE PLANTIX NOW!

Introduction

Pepper or Capiscum is a flowering plant of the nightshade family. It originates in the Americas (remains from its cultivation found in Mexico in 3,000 BC) and has been introduced to the rest of the world after the 16th century. 50% of all peppers today are grown in China, followed by Mexico, Turkey, Indonesia and Spain.

Key Facts

Watering
Intermediate

Cultivation
transplanted

Harvesting
90 - 150 days

Labour
Intermediate

Sunlight
full sun

pH Value
5.5 - 7

Temperature
21°C - 29°C

Fertilization
Intermediate

Advisory

Choose your growth stage to browse useful tips!

Preparing Your Season

Tilling the soil and preparing furrows for better yields
Optimal growth tips for pepper plants
Capsicum & Chilli

Capsicum & Chilli

Learn all about how to grow it in Plantix!

Care

Drainage is important and depending on soil type, raised beds may be necessary. The soil can be prepared in autumn by deep ploughing. Capsicum is generally grown as seedling and is then planted out when the risk of frost has passed. Seedlings from reputable nurseries are preferred to obtain plants that are well grown and free from diseases. Grow windbreak plants like ryecorn or sweetcorn in rows where there is a danger of wind damage. Application of fowl manure or compost, at least four weeks before planting, is recommended.

Soil

Capsicums can be cultivated in many types of soil but grow best on deep, loamy and well-drained soils. Soil pH should be in the range of 5.5 – 7.0. They can develop strong deep tap roots (> 1 m). Uniform slopes are desirable, as they facilitate drainage, but not essential. Depressions in the field can result in flooding.

Climate

Ideal growing conditions for peppers include a sunny position with warm loamy soil, ideally 21 to 29 °C, that is moist but not waterlogged. Extremely moist soils can cause seedlings to "damp-off" and reduce germination. The plants will tolerate (but not prefer) temperatures down to 12 °C and are sensitive to frost. Capsicum flowering is tightly connected to the length of daytime. The flowers can self-pollinate. However, at extremely high temperature (33 to 38 °C), pollen loses viability, and flowers are much less likely to pollinate successfully.

Probable Diseases

Select a growth stage to see the diseases that threaten your crop during that period.